Raspberry Common – Rubus idaeus L. Sem. Rosaceae – Rosaceae Description. Shrub, up to 1.5 m, rhizome short, giving a lot of shoots. Stems erect woody, usually covered with thin, dark red spines. Leaves ternate or pinnate consistent with 5-7 lobes. Flowers bisexual, botryoidal form inflorescences in the axils of the leaves of biennial shoots. Calyx five-lobed.
Petals 5. Fruit complex (assembly), located on a white little pubescent sex receptacle, composed of numerous red (rarely yellow), kostyanok. Blooms in June – July. Distribution. It grows in open forests and scrub, clearings, on loose, rocky slopes .. Distributed everywhere in Europe. Raw materials. Leaves (Folia Rubi idaei) and fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei).
Content. Leaves: flavones, vitamin C (800 mg%), tannins, organic acids, mucus substances and sugar. The fruits of raspberries contains: essential oil, aromatic esters fatty acids, anthocyanin glycoside, slimy substance, sugar, pectin and organic acids. The main action. The fruits have a diaphoretic, leaves – an astringent and anti-inflammatory effect. Experimental data. In Recently found that in vitro raspberry leaves have a strong effect virusostaticheskoe. Empirical data. In folk medicine, all the countries where it grows raspberries, fruit was used to contain a large vitamins food as a tonic and diaphoretic. Prior to the opening atsetizala decoction of the fruit and raspberry leaf is widely used to treat colds and rheumatism. Described, in Rome, a decoction of raspberry used exclusively for the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Today, in Germany, a decoction of raspberry is used in diarrhea, mouthwash in inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, and in the form of syrup – for the treatment of influenza. Syrup prepared from the fruit. Raspberry fruit on the list of official plant therapeutic agents of the former CIS. Some authors are prepared from fresh leaves of medicinal ointment against acne vulgaris. In Tibetan medicine from raspberry leaves and fruit are prepared means to reduce the temperature of patients. In the Bulgarian folk medicine, raspberry leaves and fruit are used as a syrup or hot infusions for colds, as a diaphoretic facility, as well as in gastrointestinal disorders and diarrhea. The official medicine use syrup from the fruit of raspberry flavoring for various types of liquid dosage forms – Sirupus Rubi idaei. Method of application. 2 tablespoons leaves pour 500 ml boiling water and leave for 2 hours. Insist on taking a glass of wine before meals 4 times a day. For a more rapid recovery for lifestyle of patients used the syrup from the fruit of raspberries – 2 tablespoons in 150 ml of water, technique several times a day. Treatment of colds with herbs –