Attended in Algiers the International Conference for the 50 anniversary of resolution 1514 of the Assembly General of the United Nations on the self-determination and independence of colonial peoples and countries. We share the celebration along with personalities from all over the world and historical leaders who fought against the decolonization of their countries as Ahmed Ben Bella, President of Algeria, nation which, thanks to their independence struggle against France, opened the door for many other nations attain their freedom; Kenneth Kaunda, former President of Zambia the Organization for African Unity – father; Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and Alpha Oumar Konare of Mali, among others. She adopted the transcendent Algiers Declaration that remembers the sacrifices made by the colonial peoples to achieve recognition of their right to self-determination and independence and underlined, in particular, the important role of women and youth in the liberation struggle and in the Notwithstanding their countries building there are still 16 territories worldwide pending decolonization, reaffirming the validity of the fight for decolonization and self-determination pending in the 21st century, as for example the Western Sahara. They also underlined that colonialism in all its forms and in all its manifestations, is contrary to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the norms of international law. We then traveled about 1500 kilometers to visit Sahrawi refugees in Tindouf camps, becoming the first Peruvian journalist to reach this area, which is home to 160,000 people, who are aided by international humanitarian agencies, for more than three decades. We have the President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Mohamed Abdelaziz, who gave us an exclusive interview. In it he asked the President Alan Garcia that it reopen the Embassy of your country in Lima and is eager to have good relations with the Peruvians.
Life in the camps is very hard, with water and electricity shortages, moreover than we need greater international aid. They survived the Moroccan invasion of its territory, the Western Sahara, which the International Court of Justice in the Hague left clear – the 16 October 1975 – Morocco does not have any sovereignty over that territory. Is worth mentioning that the Saharans and Algeria are the first bastions against terrorism of Al Qaeda in the region. We confirm that the young Sahrawi people want to return to war to recover its territory and are contained by the elders, who asked for patience and hope that United Nations enact the long-awaited referendum that contains the options of autonomy, annexation to Morocco and independence. We went to the liberated territory of Bir Lahlu, where we see that the morale of the soldiers is very high: all the fatherland or martyrdom! presently.