Italian Language

Italian language formed from the Latin dialects of the common people of Italy (Lingua romana rustica). In the literature, he first encountered near the end of the XII century. (Lingua volgare as opposed to Latin). In Italian, many dialects, of which Original Sicilian has been extended to poetry. In the XIV century. literature becomes a Tuscan or Florentine dialect, developed by the writers Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio, and later – in the XVI century. – Ariosto, and Tasso Gvarini.

Italian language has evolved from a traditional Latin after the fall of the Roman Empire. The first written monuments in various Italian dialects belong to the 10-12 centuries., The first literary documents – to 13. ('The Sicilian school of poets'). Steady in the XIV century. literary language since hardly been any change in his sound and the formal structure.

Italian belongs to the Romance group of Indo-European languages. In its lexical structure Italian language has suffered most of all influences from Latin, the former is always a source of enrichment of the Italian language with new elements. During the period of its formation from the Vulgar Latin Italian took a number of elements in the German language Ostrogoths and Lombards more. Then, in the XI-XII centuries. in Italian language "was a significant amount of gallicism from Old French, and in the XIII century. in the Lithuanian language is found Sicilian influence (and later disappearing) and amplified by the Latin, which reaches its climax in the XIV-XV centuries, when the humanist-educated writers bring in their own language not only lexical items but also the syntax Latin speech.