As words keys they had been used: physical activity, diabetes mellitus, factors of risk. Still as inclusion criterion, it was limited the occured productions in last the 10 years. The articles and too much publications had been analyzed and had subsidized the construction of the theoretical referencial of this trabalho.3. DESCRIPTION OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2A diabetes is a chronic illness that if I distinguished for the rise from the levels from glucose in the blood and for inertia from the organism in all modifying the sugar derived from foods. When the glucose in the blood is raised, one says that the patient is with hiperglicemia (HE IS DIABETIC, 2011).
Diabetes is a group of metabolic illnesses characterized by hiperglicemia and associates the complications, disfunes and insufficience of some agencies, especially sanguine eyes, kidneys, nerves, brain, heart and vases. It can result of defects of secretion and/or action of the insulina involving specific pathogenic processes, for example, destruction of the cells beta of the pncreas (producing of insulina), resistance to the action of the insulina, riots of the secretion of the insulina, among others (BRAZIL, 2006, P. 9). Three forms of diabetes exist that they are: Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus 2 type and the Diabetes Gestacional. In this study 2.O will be detached the Diabetes Mellitus Type Mellitus Diabetes type II is responsible for about 80 90% of the registered cases of the illness.
The beginning of the illness is said that occurs from the 40 years of age, being more frequent between 50 and 60 years, and it is developed of gradual form (GUYTON, 2002 apud OLIVEIRA; KABUKI, 2004). The term Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 or also called not-insulino-dependent is used to indicate a insulina deficiency. The administration of insulina in these episodes, when executed, does not consider to prevent cetoacidose, but to obtain control of the hiperglicmico picture.